'Lawrence Camp' on the Tobique River, in about 1915
William Notman & Son, from the McCord Museum
The New Brunswick Land and Lumber Company received a federal charter in 1881, and owned over 1.6-million acres of land in northern New Brunswick, principally along the Tobique River. They were given responsibility for all manner of commercial undertakings within this territory, including lumbering, farming, mining, etc., and to provide ancillary services such as manufacturing and transport. They also undertook to sell parts of their holdings to would-be settlers. One of their publications was Guide to New Brunswick which was directed toward tourists and sportsmen, but most importantly to prospective settlers. This included a chapter entitled 'Advice to Emigrants,' and that chapter follows.
This 'advice' is certainly optimistic, and the once penniless but now prosperous immigrant that he used as an example could have encountered many pitfalls. Then as now, buyer beware.
Advice to Emigrants to New Brunswick, 1881
The class of men who are wanted in New Brunswick, and will prosper there, are the small farmers, and the more hardworking day laborers of England and Scotland, men who can work in the open and who can till the land and fell the trees. Mechanics and tradesfolk are in less demand.
Work can be had throughout the year by an able-bodied man.
In the prairie and timberless country of the far West the soil is frozen for more than six months in the year, and the farmer, whether he will or no, can find little to do; but in New Brunswick directly the snow falls lumbering begins.
Strong men can always find work in the lumbering camps. The life in the bright, keen winter air is said to be most exhilarating, and the wages paid are high.
A farmer tilling his own land will find plenty to do throughout the winter in felling trees and clearing his farm.
Married men should remember, that while to a poor man a large family in Great Britain is a loss and a hindrance, in New Brunswick it is a distinct gain. Provisions are so cheap and