Wednesday, January 20, 2016

PRESENTATION: “bone detective” to visit Saint Mary’s with ground-breaking new research

Champlain's map of 1609 showing the river's Fr...
Champlain's map of 1609 showing the river's French name of Rivière du Dauphin. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Paleoethnobotany Public Talk - NS Archaeology Society (January 28)

Tue Jan 19, 2016 3:48 pm (PST) .


Thursday, January 28, 2016
7:30 PM, Atrium 101
Saint Mary's University
The Seeds of Inquiry: Paleoethnobotanical Research in Atlantic

Dr. Michael Deal, Memorial University of Newfoundland (MUN)

The term "ethnobotany" was coined in 1895 in reference to the
study of plants used by aboriginal peoples. The field was
later broadened to include plant remains from archaeological
sites. This more recent subfield, which is referred to as
"paleoethnobotany," or "archaeobotany," concerns
the recovery and analysis of archaeological plant remains as a
basis for understanding past human and plant interactions.
Paleoethnobotanical research was slow to develop in eastern
Canada, and particularly in Pre-contact archaeology. This talk
outlines the development of paleoethnobotany in Atlantic Canada
through a number of cases studies involving the author and
various colleagues. Much of this research has been conducted
through the MUN Paleoethnobotany Lab.

Dr. Deal has had a diverse career in archaeology, which has taken
him to Mexico, Guatemala, Cyprus, and multiple locations within
Canada. His work focuses on ceramic ethnoarchaeology,
paleoethnobotany and, more recently, Canadian industrial and
aviation heritage.

Dr. Deal's teaching career began in 1985 at St. Mary's
University, which led to the initiation of paleoethnobotanical
research in Nova Scotia. This work resulted in the creation of a
comparative modern seed collection of over 500 species, which is
currently in use in the Paleoethnobotanical Laboratory, at
Memorial University. Paleoethnobotanical research has since been
expanded to include a variety of sites throughout Nova Scotia and

The Minas Basin Archaeological Project
<> , sponsored by
the Nova Scotia Museum, aims to reconstruct prehistoric patterns
of land use and resource exploitation in the Minas Basin. This
project applies a diverse methodology, including ceramic
analysis, paleoethnobotanical investigations and
thermoluminescence dating, and the cataloging of local museum and
private collections. Current research interests in Nova
Scotia are focused on the Boswell Site, a Pre-contact, deeply
stratified site along the Annapolis River. This work began in
2011 with the involvement of the Nova Scotia Museum and the
Mi'kmaq Rights Initiative.

Professor Deal is available for interviews prior to Thursday,
January 28, 2016 and can be reached at 709-691-8310

Saturday, January 9, 2016

MARINE PROTECTED AREAS: Sometimes good news might not be so good after all. |

MARINE PROTECTED AREAS: Sometimes good news might not be so good after all. |

MARINE PROTECTED AREAS: Sometimes good news might not be so good after all.

HeadHbrLite (2)
I posted a brief article this week expressing my pleasure at hearing Minister Tootoo’s announcement that areas in the Bay of Fundy will come up for consideration as Marine Protected Areas. Almost immediately, I received negative comments and concerns about the loss of fishing and other rights long held by families … native and otherwise … who have survived in this remarkable ecosystem we call the Bay of Fundy. Since my maternal family is from Grand Manan and has native connections as well, I am fully aware of the history of the fishery in this area, the families that live here and the local and regional economic benefits that come from the resources of the Bay. In fact data show that annual income from fisheries, tourism, and related local industries can approach a billion dollars annually. Quoddy is a special and rich place that deserves to be protected. However, humans are and have been part of the ecosystem here back into post glacial times. It will take a wise individual to see how all of the components of the Quoddy ecosystem can be beneficially integrated.
Having been through the entire process under contract to Parks Canada where we carried out the actual field work, wrote comparative reports for 2 sites in New Brunswick, 1 in Nova Scotia and 1 in Newfoundland, I fully understand the values and concerns. In fact I did not share the extreme positions of many protesters at that time because it had been made clear by Parks Canada that traditional fisheries and related industries would be grandfathered and being relatively young and trusting, I did believe that would be true. Others did not trust these statement from Ottawa. Indeed they had no trust in Ottawa at all based on their experiences in the fishing industry over the years.
In the current situation,  I am now not so sure. In fact an article showed up on CBC today where Minister Tootoo stated that decisions would be made on the basis of science. I have no fundamental problem with that, but further down in the article, I see that the environmental heavyweights have already been knocking on the doors …
In the past environmental groups such as the Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society have pointed out that development sometimes continued in the small percentage of areas set aside by the previous government. Tootoo wouldn’t define what, if any, development would be permitted in future marine-protected areas, but said all decisions would be based on science.
That’s good news to Sabine Jessen, the national director of the Oceans Program for the Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society. “The science is really clear that the best marine protected areas are ones that don’t have fishing, don’t have commercial fishing, don’t have industrial uses, so that’s what the science has been telling us,” she said in an interview from Vancouver.
Jessen applauds the minister for trying to hit the interim target of protecting five per cent of ocean areas by 2017, but admits that it may not be possible. “All the steps that are required to obtain legal protection, I think that’s going to be part of the challenge. And then there’s a big commitment to consultations,” Jessen said. “So I’d say he’s got a big job ahead.”
Well, if the environmentalists from afar are planning to weigh-in on these considerations and if there is not a plan to include traditional fisheries and marine based businesses … however they might fit under a cooperative management regime … then there will be serious trouble.
Keep in mind that the coastal citizens of Grand Manan and West Island … the so-called Quoddy Region … have fought off challenge after challenge including the tidal development proposed by Franklin D. Roosevelt, the proposed giant oil refinery proposed by the Pittston Company for Eastport, The Marine Park proposal, 3 proposed LNG Terminals (with one remaining) and sundry other inappropriate developments. As tired as many of our citizens are of fighting these continuous battles, they have shown time and again that they can rise to the occasion … and I have no doubt they will on this occasion as well.
In spite of protests, aquaculture slipped through  … to the benefit of many of the initial protesters incidentally. Unfortunately, it was largely mismanaged during its early expansion days and rapidly outgrew the ability of this ecosystem to handle it. That has been remedied in some respects, but there is still work to be done and just how this would fit with a proposed MPA remains an open and difficult question to answer. Additional, I suspect that the current players are also,  “heavyweights” even as they remain hidden in the shadows.
Major protests will happen again if consideration is not given to a way of life that has sustained the people of the Quoddy shores for hundreds of years including Canada’s neighbours on the Maine side which is only a stone’s throw away and equally depended on the fishery, tourism and coastal shipping.
So Minister Tootoo, welcome to your new job. Many of us are encouraged by your background and your position on our oceans, fisheries and Coast Guard. Listen to all … but be careful what you believe.
That’s my position tonight.
Art MacKay
Copied to Editors at: Saint Croix Courier, Quoddy Tides, Calais Advertiser

Friday, January 8, 2016

ALTERNATE ENERGY: Great information available here

Clean Energy Bulletin 14

RETScreen Support Available Through the Clean Energy Solutions Center
RETScreen expertise part of Canada's increased commitment to Clean Energy Solutions Center

Financial Incentives from Union Gas for RETScreen-Monitored Projects
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RETScreen as a Comprehensive Clean Energy Toolbox
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University and College Courses

Publications and Reports


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Le Centre de solutions pour les énergies propres offre du support à propos de RETScreen
L'expertise liée au logiciel RETScreen s'inscrit dans l'engagement accru du Canada visant le Centre de solutions pour les énergies propres

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Un établissement canadien de distribution de gaz souligne les nombreux avantages, pour ses clients, offerts par le logiciel RETScreen

Modélisation d'un système à multiples sources avec RETScreen : usine d'engrais
Selon une analyse de RETScreen, un système hybride d'alimentation électrique représente la meilleure solution

Innovation majeure à venir en matière d'atténuation des gaz à effet de serre
Une plateforme logicielle d'intelligence décisionnelle qui sera une arme essentielle dans la lutte contre les changements climatiques

RETScreen : un coffre à outils exhaustif lié à l'énergie propre
Des ressources intégrées exhaustives font de RETScreen une « encyclopédie de l'énergie propre »

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Publications et rapports

RETScreen International
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